A cataract is a cloudy film that develops on the eye lens due to the clumping of proteins. The eye lens is clear and helps focus light onto the retina to help an individual see clearly. With the development of cataracts, the cloudiness hinders light from entering the eye and affects vision.
Different lifestyle and health measures can reduce your risk of developing cataracts. Most of them are factors that may contribute to cataract development. Read on to learn the daily habits that can prevent cataracts.
You can prevent or slow the progression of cataracts by wearing UV protection sunglasses. Look for glasses that offer protection from ultraviolet B rays. Such sun rays are very harmful to your eye health. Make it a habit to wear protective ultraviolet protection sunglasses whenever you step outside during the day. Do so even when the sun is not shining or bright enough to affect your vision.
You can wear clear regular glasses with a coating that protects you from UV rays. Do so if you prefer not to wear sunglasses and need eye protection outdoors.
Visiting your eye doctor cannot prevent cataracts. However, doing so will help you know your cataract status to learn the appropriate measures to prevent and manage cataracts. Regular eye appointments are essential for tracking cataracts once they begin developing. Consult your eye doctor about the number of times you should go for an eye checkup appointment.
Adults above the age of 60 should generally go for a comprehensive eye exam after every two years. The National Eye Institute advises this to help screen conditions like glaucoma. Such illnesses can require complicated treatment when cataracts are already present.
Some health conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes increase the risk of cataracts. People with diabetes should be keen to keep their blood pressure under control. Doing so helps limit the risk of eye damage that can arise due to high glucose levels.
Take your prescribed medication as instructed to keep your blood pressure under control. It is also essential to check your pressure regularly. Talk to your doctor about intensifying or changing your treatment if your blood pressure is not at the right level. Taking such steps is ideal for individuals with high blood pressure or diabetes. Do so especially if you have cataracts or any other eye problem.
Smoking tobacco products such as cigarettes can lead to cardiovascular problems. The blood vessels in your eyes can have problems due to smoking. Talk to your medical care provider about wanting to quit. They can help you if you find it difficult to stop the habit. They can use different ways, such as counseling, medications, and motivational-based strategies.
People who consume high amounts of alcohol tend to have a risk of developing cataracts. Talk to your doctor to get the necessary support to quit alcohol if you feel you need to reduce your intake or are an alcoholic. Group-based therapy, individual counseling, and medications can help.
Eating a balanced diet filled with fruits and vegetables maintains good eye health. It gives you the nutrients and vitamins necessary for optimal eye health. The high antioxidant level in fruits and vegetables supports vision and eye health.
For more about preventing cataracts, call Shepard Eye Center at one of our offices in California. For Santa Maria call (805) 667-0100, Lompoc call (805) 793-1800, Solvang call (805) 410-9998, or Orcutt call (805) 937-9532.